Periodontitis is a serious infection of the gums that slowly degrades and destroys gum tissue as well as the bone that supports the teeth. Patients with untreated periodontitis risk losing the infected tooth, and they’re also at elevated risk for strokes and heart attacks. Periodontitis is preventable, but if your gum disease has progressed beyond the early stages, you need to seek treatment right away. Please contact Dr. Carla H. Roher at Medical Arts Dentistry today at 912-355-0605 to schedule your appointment with our Savannah dentist.
What causes periodontitis?
The number one cause of periodontitis is neglect. Patients who regularly brush, floss, and receive professional cleanings rarely develop this condition. When you eat, small food particles remain stuck to the teeth. Bacteria feed on the nutrients and create acids that wear away the teeth and gums. Over time, the inflammation and irritation can cause abscesses to develop between the teeth and gums, which bacteria occupy and into which they release the toxins that cause periodontitis.
What are the signs and symptoms of periodontitis?
Whereas some diseases require sophisticated tests to arrive at an accurate diagnosis, the symptoms of periodontitis are usually very obvious. Typical symptoms include
●Tender, sensitive gums
●Swollen, bright red gums
●Spaces between teeth
●Pus between the teeth and gums
●Gum recession around the teeth
●Halitosis (bad breath)
Periodontitis caught in the early stages can often be reversed with improved oral hygiene habits, but advanced stage gum disease requires more aggressive intervention.
What is the best treatment for periodontitis?
Prevention is by far the best periodontal treatment, but when gum disease advances beyond a certain point, intervention is required. Severe cases may require surgery, but many cases can be treated with nonsurgical approaches.
Root planing and scaling involves removal of tartar and bacteria from the teeth and from the parts of the teeth that lie beneath the gums. The roots are then smoothed out to prevent additional buildup. Patients who receive this treatment will usually be given topical or oral antibiotics to prevent the infection from returning.
If you or a family member suffers from gum disease at any stage, it’s time to learn how professional dental care can help. Please contact Savannah dentist Dr. Carla H. Roher today at 912-355-0605 to schedule your appointment with Medical Arts Dentistry.